Undergraduate Education: 
Purdue University, B.S. Biology, 1971
Medical Education: 
Indiana University School of Medicine, M.D., 1975
Postgraduate Training: 
Indiana University Medical Center, Anesthesiology Internship, 1976
Indiana University Medical Center, Anesthesiology Residency, 1978
Board Certifications:
Anesthesiology
Advanced Perioperative Transesophageal Echocardiography
Joined ACI: January, 2001
Positions: ACI Board Representative